The German Pinscher originated in Germany
and is included in origins of
the Doberman, Miniature Pinscher and other Pinscher types. However, the
German Pinscher has always been more closely associated with the Standard
Schnauzer. In fact, it is thought the Standard Schnauzer was originally
referred to as the Wire Haired Pinscher. The Wire Haired and Smooth Haired
Pinschers or the modern day German Pinscher and Standard Schnauzer are
shown in books as early as 1884. GENERAL APPEARANCE
It was officially designated a distinct breed in Germany where the first
Pinscher Club was formed. At the time the short coat was the main emphasis
and coloration varied. The breed came close to extinction as a result of
World War I and World War II. Werner Jung is credited with saving the breed
in 1958 using a German Pinscher bitch that was fortunate enough to get
past East Germany's iron curtain.
A working dog, German Pinschers are known for their vermin hunting skills
and instinctual desire to protect home and family. The German Pinscher's
natural hunting abilities give them a keen sense of prey drive and determination.
The German Pinscher is of strong will and mind and can be manipulative
and stubborn when they want their own way. They are territorial and can
be quite possessive of their owners and property. Highly intelligent with
expressive animation the German Pinscher commands attention as it conveys
the impression that this dog is ready to go to work and learn the desired
task at hand. Willing learners, they make wonderful multipurpose companions
with firm but gentle and consistent discipline. German Pinschers are high-energy
that enjoy adventure in any form.
The German Pinscher is a medium size, short coated dog, elegant in appearance
with a strong square build and moderate body structure, muscular and powerful
for endurance and agility. Energetic, watchful, alert, agile, fearless,
determined, intelligent and loyal, the German Pinscher has the prerequisites
to be an excellent watchdog and companion. The German Pinscher is examined
on the ground.
SIZE, PROPORTION, SUBSTANCE
Size- the ideal height at he highest point of the withers for a dog or
bitch is 17 - 20 inches. Size should be penalized in accordance with the
degree it deviates from the ideal. Quality should always take precedence
HEAD AND SKULL
Faults- under 17 inches or over 20 inches.
Proportion- squarely built in proportion of body length to height. The
height at the highest point of the withers equals the length of the body
from the point of the shoulder to the rump.
Substance- muscular with moderate bone.
Powerful, elongated without the occiput being too pronounced and resembles
a blunt wedge in both frontal and profile views. The total length of the
head from the tip of the nose to the occiput is one half the length from
the withers to the base of the tail resulting in a ration of approximately
Expression- sharp, alert and responsive.
Eyes- medium size, dark, oval in shape without the appearance of bulging.
The eyelid is tight and the eyeball non-protruding.
Ears- set high, symmetrical, and carried erect when cropped. If uncropped,
they are V-shaped with a folding pleat, or small standing ears carried
Skull- flat, unwrinkled from occiput to stop. The stop is slight but distinct.
Muzzle- parallel and equal in length to the topskull and ends in a blunt
wedge. The cheeks are muscled and flat.
Nose- full and black.
Lips- black, close fitting.
Bite- strong, scissors bite with complete dentition and white teeth.
Faults- overshot or undershot bites, absence of primary molars.
NECK, TOPLINE, BODY
Neck- elegant and strong, of moderate thickness and length, nape elegantly
arched. The skin is tight, closely fitting to the dry throat without wrinkles,
sagging, or dewlaps. Topline- is not perfectly level when standing naturally,
but should have a slight descending slope from the top of the wither to
the start of the back, with a very slight rise over the well-muscled loin
to the faintly curved croup.
Back- short and close coupled.
Faults- long back not giving the appearance of squarely built, roach back
and sway back.
Body- compact, strong, short coupled so as to permit greater flexibility
Loin- the distance between the last rib to the haunch is short, giving
the dog a compact, short coupled appearance.
Chest- moderately wide with well-sprung ribs, and if could be seen in cross-section
would be oval. The breastbone is prominently constructed through the forechest
and extends over the height of the point of shoulder. The brisket descends
to the elbows and ascends gradually to the rear with the belly moderately
Fault- excessive tuck up.
Tail- moderately set and carried above the horizontal. Customarily docked
between the second and third joints.
The slopping shoulder blades are strongly muscled, yet flat and well laid
back. They are well angled and slope forward to the point they join the
upper arm. Such angulation permits the maximum forward extension of the
forelegs without binding or effort.
Forelegs- straight and well boned, perfectly vertical when viewed from
all sides, set moderately apart with elbows set close to the body. Dewclaws
on the forelegs may be removed.
Pasterns- firm and almost perpendicular to the ground.
Feet- short, round, compact with firm dark pads and dark nails. The toes
well closed and arched like cat feet.
The thighs are strongly muscled and in balance with forequarters. The hocks
are well bent and well boned, with good angulation. When viewed from the
rear, the hocks are parallel to each other.
Short and dense, smooth and close lying. Shiny and covers the body without
bald spots. A hard coat should not be penalized.
to red in various shades to stag red
(red with intermingling of black hairs)
black with red/tan markings
and blues with red/tan markings.
In the reds, a rich vibrant medium to dark shade is preferred.
In bi-colored dogs, sharply marked dark and rich red/tan markings are desirable.
Markings distributed as follows; at cheeks, lips, lower jaw, above eyes,
at throat, on forechest and two triangles distinctly separated from each
other, at metatarsus or pasterns, forelegs, feet, inner side of hind legs
and vent region. Pencil marks on the toes are acceptable. Any white markings
on the dog are undesirable. A few white hairs do not constitute a marking.
Strong, free, well-balanced gait, with good reach in front and strong drive
behind. At the trot the back remains firm and level, without swaying, rolling,
or roaching. When viewed from the rear, the feet, though they may appear
to travel close, must not cross or strike each other.
Fault- hackney gait.
The German Pinscher has highly developed senses, intelligence, aptitude
for training, fearlessness, endurance and resistance to illness. He is
alert, vigilant, deliberate and watchful of strangers. He has fearless
courage and tenacity if threatened. A very vivacious dog but not an excessive
barker. He should not show viciousness by unwarranted of unprovoked attack.
Note- Great consideration should be given to a dog giving the desired alert,
highly intelligent, vivacious character of the German Pinscher. Aggressive
behavior toward another dog is not deemed viciousness.
The foregoing description is that of the ideal German Pinscher.
Any deviation from this is to be penalized to the extent of the deviation.
Approved: June 12, 2000
Effective: March 1, 2001
* Note: Text is being used by AKC judges in the German Pinscher classes.
There is NO mention of males having 2 testicles, on their website.
All German Pinscher illustratitive photographs are provided by subscribers
of the GermanPinschers maillist
PINSCHER -- 04 June 2000 FCI German Pinscher Standard - Translation in English - http:www.germanpinschers.com/standards/d_strd_FCI.html"